Legio Nona Hispana (Ninth The Spanish Legion) was a Roman legion which operated from the 1st century BC until the mid-2nd century AD. The legion fought in various provinces of the late Roman Republic and early Roman Empire but was then stationed in Britain following the Roman invasion in 43 AD. The legion disappears from Roman records in the first half of the second century, but there is no account of what happened to it.
The mysterious fate of the legion has been the subject of considerable interest and research. It was last definitely recorded in York in 108. One theory was that the legion was destroyed in action in northern Britain some time around 120, perhaps during a rising of northern tribes. This view was popularized by the 1954 novel The Eagle of the Ninth in which the legion is said to have marched into Caledonia (Scotland), after which it was “never heard of again”
This theory was thought to have been discredited when tile stamps later found in Nijmegen appeared to show that the legion was still based there between 121 and 130. However, this evidence has been disputed. Other possibilities are an end in the Bar Kokhba revolt or in Armenia in 161. In any event, the Ninth does not appear in a list of legions compiled in 165.
This diorama was realized for the Suncoast Center for Fine Scale Modeling, using exclusively Kaustic Plastik box set and accessories.
The Poor Fellow-Soldiers of Christ and of the Temple of Solomon (Latin: Pauperes commilitones Christi Templique Salomonici), commonly known as the Knights Templar, the Order of the Temple (French: Ordre du Temple or Templiers) or simply as Templars, were among the most wealthy and powerful of the Western Christian military orders and were among the most prominent actors of the Christian finance. The organization existed for nearly two centuries during the Middle Ages.
Officially endorsed by the Catholic Church around 1129, the Order became a favoured charity throughout Christendom and grew rapidly in membership and power. Templar knights, in their distinctive white mantles with a red cross, were among the most skilled fighting units of the Crusades. Non-combatant members of the Order managed a large economic infrastructure throughout Christendom, innovating financial techniques that were an early form of banking, and building fortifications across Europe and the Holy Land.
The Templars’ existence was tied closely to the Crusades; when the Holy Land was lost, support for the Order faded. Rumours about the Templars’ secret initiation ceremony created mistrust and King Philip IV of France, deeply in debt to the Order, took advantage of the situation. In 1307, many of the Order’s members in France were arrested, tortured into giving false confessions, and then burned at the stake. Under pressure from King Philip, Pope Clement V disbanded the Order in 1312. The abrupt disappearance of a major part of the European infrastructure gave rise to speculation and legends, which have kept the “Templar” name alive into the modern day (font Wikipedia).
Head sculpt by Tony Barton
Metallic chainmail by Kaustic Plastik (prototype)
Everything else has been scratchbuilt
The Murmillo (also sometimes spelled mirmillo or myrmillo, pl. murmillones) was a type of gladiator during the Roman Imperial age. The murmillo-class gladiator was adopted in the early Imperial period to replace the earlier Gallus, named after the warriors of Gaul.
Wore a helmet with a stylized fish on the crest (the Mormylos or Sea fish), as well as an arm guard (Manica). They carried a gladius and an oblong shield in the Gallic style. They were paired with Hoplomachi or Thraces.
The Retiarius (plural retiarii; literally, “net-man” or “net-fighter” in Latin) was a gladiator who fought with equipment styled on that of a fisherman: a weighted net (Rete, hence the name), a three-pointed trident (Fuscina or tridens), and a dagger (Pugio). The Retiarius was lightly armoured, wearing an arm guard (Manica) and a shoulder guard (Galerus). Typically, his clothing consisted only of a loincloth (Subligaculum) held in place by a wide belt, or of a short tunic with light padding. He wore no head protection or footwear.
Both figures have been totally modeled with Fimo and painted with acrylics and pigments. Even the base has scratchbuilt.
Executed for a private collection.